Catherine Cookson

Biografie şi Bibliografie

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Dame Catherine Cookson DBE (née McMullen) (27 June 1906 – 11 June 1998) was an British author. She became the United Kingdom's most widely read novelist, with sales topping 100 million, while retaining a relatively low profile in the world of celebrity writers. Her books were inspired by her deprived youth in North East England, the setting for her novels.

Early life

Born as Catherine Ann McMullen at 5 Leam Lane in Tyne Dock, South Shields, (then part of County Durham), she was known as "Kate" as a child. She moved to East Jarrow, County Durham (now in Tyne and Wear), which would become the setting for one of her best-known novels, The Fifteen Streets. The illegitimate child of an alcoholic named Kate Fawcett, she grew up thinking her unmarried mother was her sister, as she was raised by her grandparents, Rose and John McMullen. Biographer Kathleen Jones tracked down her father whose name was Alexander Davies, a bigamist and gambler from Lancashire.

She left school at 13 and, after a period of domestic service, took a laundry job at Harton Workhouse in South Shields. In 1929, she moved south to run the laundry at Hastings Workhouse, saving every penny to buy a large Victorian house, and then taking in gentleman and lady lodgers to supplement her income.

In June 1940, at the age of 34, she married Tom Cookson, a teacher at Hastings Grammar School. After experiencing four miscarriages late in pregnancy, it was discovered she was suffering from a rare vascular disease, telangiectasia, which causes bleeding from the nose, fingers and stomach and results in anemia. A mental breakdown followed the miscarriages, from which she took a decade to recover.

Writing career

She took up writing as a form of therapy to tackle her depression, and joined Hastings Writers' Group. Her first novel, Kate Hannigan, was published in 1950. Though it was labelled a romance, she expressed discontent with the stereotype. Her books were, she said, historical novels about people and conditions she knew. Cookson had little connection with the London literary circus. She was always more interested in practising the art of writing. Her research could be uncomfortable — going down a mine, for instance, because her heroine came from a mining area. Having in her youth wanted to write about 'above stairs' in grand houses, she later and successfully concentrated on people ground down by circumstances, taking care to know them well.

Cookson wrote almost 100 books, which sold more than 123 million copies, her novels being translated into at least 20 languages. She also wrote books under the pseudonyms Catherine Marchant and a name derived from her childhood name, Katie McMullen. She remained the most borrowed author from public libraries in the UK for 17 years, only losing the title in 2002, four years after her death.

Books in film and television

Many of Cookson's novels have been transferred to stage, film and radio. It was on television, however, that she achieved her greatest media success, with a series of dramas on ITV lasting over a decade and achieving huge ratings. Eighteen books were adapted for television between 1990 - 2001. They were all produced by Ray Marshall from Festival Film & TV who was given permission by Catherine Cookson in 1988 to bring her works to the screen. The first film to be made, The Fifteen Streets starring Sean Bean & Owen Teale was nominated for an Emmy in 1990. The second production, The Black Velvet Gown, won an International Emmy for Best Drama in 1991. The mini series regularly attracted audiences over 10 million and are still showing in the UK on the Yesterday Channel.

Philanthropy

Although she became a multi-millionaire from her books, Cookson was frugal with her spending. She did, however, indulge in discreet philanthropy, supporting causes in North East England and medical research in areas that were close to her heart. When public lending rights were introduced for authors, she became immediately eligible for the maximum £5,000 a year but donated it for the benefit of less fortunate writers. She also donated more than £1 million for research into a cure for the illness that afflicted her.

In 1985, she pledged more than £800,000 to the University of Newcastle. In gratitude, the university set up a lectureship in hematology. Some £40,000 was given to provide a laser to help treat bleeding disorders and £50,000 went to create a new post in ear, nose and throat studies, with particular reference to the detection of deafness in children. She had already given £20,000 towards the university's Hatton Gallery and £32,000 to its library. In recognition of this generosity, a building in the university medical faculty has been named after her. Her foundation continues to make donations to worthy causes in the UK, particularly those offering services to young people and cultural ventures, such as the Tyneside Cinema.

Honours

She was created an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1985 and was elevated to a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1993

Cookson received the Freedom of the Borough of South Tyneside, and an honorary degree from the University of Newcastle. The Variety Club of Great Britain named her Writer of the Year, and she was voted Personality of the North East.

Later life and death

In later life, Cookson and her husband Tom returned to the North East and settled first in Haldane Terrace, Jesmond. They then moved to Corbridge, a market town near Newcastle, and later to Langley, Northumberland, a small village nearby. As her health declined, they moved for a final time to the Jesmond area of Newcastle upon Tyne to be nearer medical facilities. For the last few years of her life, she was bed-ridden and she gave her final TV interview to North East Tonight, the regional ITV Tyne Tees news programme, from her sickbed. It was conducted by Mike Neville.

Catherine Cookson died at the age of 91 (16 days before her 92nd birthday) at her home in Newcastle, although her novels, many written from her sickbed, continued to be published posthumously until 2002. Tom died on 28 June 1998, just 17 days later. He had been hospitalised for a week and the cause of his death was not announced. He was 86 years old.

Legacy

In March 2008, the Dame Catherine Cookson Memorial Garden was unveiled in the grounds of South Tyneside District Hospital in South Shields, based on the theme of a serpentine symbol, commonly used to symbolise health and caring. The hospital occupies the site of the Harton Workhouse, where Cookson worked from 1924 to 1929. The project was partly funded by the Catherine Cookson Trust.

Tom and Catherine, a musical about the couple's life, was written by local playwright Tom Kelly. It played to sell-out crowds at the Customs House in South Shields.

Bibliography

Written as Catherine Cookson

    * The Fifteen Streets (1952)
    * Colour Blind (1953)
    * Maggie Rowan (1954)
    * Rooney (1957)
    * The Menagerie (1958)
    * Fanny McBride (1959)
    * Fenwick Houses (1960)
    * The Garment (1962)
    * The Blind Miller (1963)
    * The Wingless Bird (1964)
    * Hannah Massey (1964)
    * The Long Corridor (1965)
    * The Unbaited Trap (1966)
    * Slinky Jane (1967)
    * Katie Mulholland (1967)
    * The Round Tower (1968)
    * The Nice Bloke (1969) aka The Husband (1969)
    * The Glass Virgin (1969)
    * The Invitation (1970)
    * The Dwelling Place (1971)
    * Feathers in the Fire (1971)
    * Pure as the Lily (1972)
    * The Invisible Cord (1975)
    * The Gambling Man (1975)
    * The Tide of Life (1976)
    * The Girl (1977)
    * The Cinder Path (1978)
    * The Man Who Cried (1979)
    * The Whip (1983) aka The Spaniard's Gift (1989)
    * The Black Velvet Gown (1984)
    * The Bannaman Legacy (1985) aka A Dinner of Herbs (1985)
    * The Moth (1986) aka The Thorman Inheritance (1989)
    * The Parson's Daughter (1987)
    * The Harrogate Secret (1988) aka The Secret
    * The Cultured Handmaiden (1988)
    * The Spaniard's Gift (1989) aka The Whip (1983)
    * The Black Candle (1989)
    * The Thorman Inheritance (1989) aka The Moth (1986)
    * The Gillyvors (1990) aka The Love Child (1991)
    * My Beloved Son (1991)
    * The Rag Nymph (1991) aka The Forester Girl (1993)
    * The House of Women (1992)
    * The Maltese Angel (1992)
    * The Golden Straw (1993)
    * The Forester Girl (1993) aka The Rag Nymph (1991)
    * The Year of the Virgins (1993)
    * The Tinker's Girl (1994)
    * Justice Is a Woman (1994)
    * A Ruthless Need (1995)
    * The Bonny Dawn (1996)
    * The Branded Man (1996)
    * The Lady on my Left (1997) aka The Mists of Memory (1965) by Catherine Marchant
    * The Obsession (1997)
    * The Upstart (1998)
    * The Blind Years (1998)
    * Riley (1998)
    * Solace of Sin (1998)
    * The Desert Crop (1999)
    * The Thursday Friend (1999)
    * A House Divided (2000)
    * Rosie of the River (2000)
    * The Simple Soul and Other Stories (2001)
    * Silent Lady (2002)

The Kate Hannigan series

    * Kate Hannigan (1950)
    * Kate Hannigan's Girl (2001)

The Mary Ann stories

    * A Grand Man (1954)
    * The Lord and Mary Ann (1956)
    * The Devil and Mary Ann (1958)
    * Love and Mary Ann (1961)
    * Life and Mary Ann (1962)
    * Marriage and Mary Ann (1964)
    * Mary Ann's Angels (1965)
    * Mary Ann and Bill (1967)

The Mallen Novels

    * The Mallen Streak (1973)
    * The Mallen Girl (1974)
    * The Mallen Litter (1974)

The Tilly Trotter trilogy

    * Tilly Trotter aka Tilly (1980)
    * Tilly Trotter Wed aka Tilly Wed (1981)
    * Tilly Trotter Widowed aka Tilly Alone (1982)

The Hamilton series

    * Hamilton (1983)
    * Goodbye Hamilton (1984)
    * Harold (1985)

The Bill Bailey trilogy

    * Bill Bailey (1986)
    * Bill Bailey's Lot (1987) aka Bill Bailey's Litter
    * Bill Bailey's Daughter (1988)
    * The Bondage of Love (1997)

Children's stories

    * Matty Doolin (1965)
    * Joe and the Gladiator (1968)
    * The Nipper (1970)
    * Blue Baccy (1972) aka Rory's Fortune (1988)
    * Our John Willie (1974)
    * Mrs Flannagan's Trumpet (1976)
    * Go Tell It to Mrs Golightly (1977)
    * Lanky Jones (1981)
    * Nancy Nutall and the Mongrel (1982)
    * Rory's Fortune (1988) aka Blue Baccy (1972)
    * Bill and The Mary Ann Shaughnessy (1991)

Autobiographies

    * Our Kate (1969)
    * Catherine Cookson Country (1986) aka My Land of the North (1999)
    * Let Me Make Myself Plain (1988)
    * Plainer Still (1995)
    * Just A Saying (2002)

Written as Catherine Marchant

    * Heritage of Folly (1961) aka Heritage of Folly (1961) by Katie McMullen
    * The Fen Tiger (1963) aka The House on the Fens (1963)
    * House of Men (1963)
    * The Mists of Memory (1965) aka The Lady on my Left (1997) by Catherine Cookson
    * The Iron Facade (1965) aka Evil at Rodgers Cross (1965)
    * Miss Martha Mary Crawford (1975)
    * The Slow Awakening (1976)

Written as Katie McMullen

    * Heritage of Folly (1961) aka Heritage of Folly (1961) by Catherine Marchant

Biographies

    * To Be a Lady: Biography of Catherine Cookson by Cliff Goodwin (1994)
    * The Girl From Leam Lane: The Life and Writing of Catherine Cookson by Piers Dudgeon (1997)
    * Catherine Cookson by Kathleen Jones Constable(1999)
    * Kate's Daughter: The Real Catherine Cookson by Piers Dudgeon (2003)
    * Seeking Catherine Cookson's Da by Kathleen Jones Constable (2004)

Cărti de Catherine Cookson


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