Drew Pearson

Biografie şi Bibliografie

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Andrew Russell Pearson (December 13, 1897–September 1, 1969), known professionally as Drew Pearson, and born in Evanston, Illinois,[1] was one of the most well-known American journalists of his day. He was best known for his muckraking  syndicated newspaper column "Washington Merry-Go-Round," in which he attacked various public persons with little or no objective proof for his allegations. He also had a program on NBC Radio entitled Drew Pearson Comments.

Early life

His parents were Paul Martin Pearson, an English professor at Northwestern University, and Edna Wolfe. When Pearson was six years of age, his father joined the faculty of Swarthmore College as Professor of Public Speaking, and the family moved to Pennsylvania, joining the Society of Friends, with which the college was then affiliated. After being educated at Phillips Exeter Academy, Pearson attended Swarthmore (1915–1919), where he edited its student newspaper, The Phoenix.

Career

From 1919 to 1921, Pearson served with the American Friends Service Committee, directing post-war rebuilding operations in Peć, which at that time was part of Serbia. From 1921 to 1922, he lectured in Geography at the University of Pennsylvania.

In 1923, Pearson travelled to Japan, China, New Zealand, Australia, India and Serbia, and persuaded several newspapers to buy articles about his travels. He was also commissioned by the American "Around the World Syndicate" to produce a set of interviews entitled, "Europe's Twelve Greatest Men."

From 1925 to 1928, Pearson continued reporting on international events, including strikes in China, the Geneva Naval Conference, the Pan-American Conference in Havana, and the signing of the Kellogg-Briand Pact in Paris.

In 1929, he became the Washington correspondent for The Baltimore Sun. However, in 1931 and 1932, with Robert S. Allen, he anonymously published a book called Washington Merry-Go-Round and its sequel. When the Sun discovered Pearson had co-authored these books, he was promptly fired. Late in 1932, Pearson and Allen secured a contract with the Scripps-Howard syndicate, United Features, to syndicate a column called "Washington Merry-Go-Round". It first appeared in Eleanor "Cissy" Patterson's Washington Herald on November 17, 1932. But as World War II escalated in Europe, Pearson's strong support of Franklin D. Roosevelt, in opposition to Patterson and the Herald's isolationist position, led to an acrimonious termination of Pearson's and Allen's contract with the Herald. In 1941, The Washington Post picked up the contract for the "Washington Merry-Go-Round." In 1947 Pearson wrote an infamous article about Preston Tucker's revolutionary new car, the Tucker '48, which started a series of negative articles about Tucker and his car. This article fueled a controversial media feeding frenzy and U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission investigation, which led to the demise of the Tucker Corporation.

Published works

    * Washington Merry-Go-Round (New York: Horace Liveright, 1931).
    * More Merry-Go-Round (1932)
    * American Diplomatic Game (New York: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1935),
    * U.S.A.: Second Class Power? (1958),
    * The Case Against Congress: a Compelling Indictment of Corruption on Capitol Hill (1958)
    * The Senator Doubleday (1968)
    * The President Doubleday (1970)
    * Diaries, 1949-1959 (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1974),
    * Nine Old Men (American Constitutional and Legal History) with Robert Allen, (1974) ISBN 0-306-70609-1

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