Len Deighton

Biografie şi Bibliografie

Leonard Cyril Deighton (born 18 February 1929, Marylebone, London) is a British military historian, cookery writer, and novelist. He is perhaps most famous for his spy novel The IPCRESS File, which was made into a film starring Michael Caine.

Early years

Deighton was born in Marylebone, London, in 1929. His father was a chauffeur and mechanic, and his mother was a part-time cook. At the time they lived in Gloucester Place Mews near Baker Street.

Deighton's interest in spy stories may have been partially inspired by the arrest of Anna Wolkoff, which he witnessed as an 11-year-old boy. Wolkoff was a British subject of Russian descent who was a Nazi spy. She was detained on 20 May 1940, and convicted of violating the Official Secrets Act[which?] for attempting to pass secret documents to the Nazis.


After leaving school, Deighton worked as a railway clerk before performing his National Service, which he spent as a photographer for the Royal Air Force's Special Investigation Branch. After discharge from the RAF, he studied at St Martin's School of Art in London in 1949, and in 1952 won a scholarship to the Royal College of Art, graduating in 1955. While he was at the RCA he became a "lifelong friend" of fellow designer Raymond Hawkey, who later designed covers for his early books. Deighton then worked as an airline steward with BOAC. Before he began his writing career he worked as an illustrator in New York and, in 1960, as an art director in a London advertising agency. He is credited with creating the first British cover for Kerouac's On the Road. He has since used his drawing skills to illustrate a number of his own military history books.

Following the success of his first novels, Deighton became The Observer's cookery writer and produced illustrated cookbooks. He also wrote travel guides and became travel editor of Playboy, before becoming a film producer. After producing a film adaption of his 1968 novel Only When I Larf, Deighton and photographer Brian Duffy bought the film rights to Joan Littlewood and Theatre Workshop's stage musical Oh, What a Lovely War!. He had his name removed from the credits of the film, however, which was a move that he later described as "stupid and infantile". That was his last involvement with the cinema.

Deighton left England in 1969. He briefly resided in Blackrock, County Louth in Ireland. He has not returned to England apart from some personal visits and very few media appearances, his last one since 1985 being a 2006 interview which formed part of a "Len Deighton Night" on BBC Four. He and his wife Ysabele divide their time between homes in Portugal and Guernsey.



Several of his novels have been adapted as films. His first four novels featured an anonymous anti-hero, named "Harry Palmer" in the films, and portrayed by Michael Caine. The first trilogy of his Bernard Samson novel series was made into a 12-part television series by Granada Television in 1988, shown only once, and withdrawn on instructions from Deighton. Quentin Tarantino has expressed interest in filming the trilogy. Deighton wrote the screenplay and was an uncredited producer of the 1969 film of the stage musical Oh, What a Lovely War!. His 1970 World War II historical novel Bomber about an RAF Bomber Command raid over Germany often is considered his masterpiece.

He reportedly began an unfinished Vietnam War novel, a portion of which appeared as the story First Base in his short story collection Declarations of War.

Cookery books

Deighton also published a series of cookery books and wrote and drew a weekly strip cartoon-style illustrated cooking guide in London's The Observer newspaper – Len Deighton's Cookstrip. At least one of the strips is pinned up in Deighton's spy hero's kitchen in the 1965 film of his novel The IPCRESS File.

To exploit the success of Deighton's first four "Unnamed Hero" novels, he wrote Len Deighton's London Dossier (1967), a guide book to Swinging Sixties London with a "secret agent" theme – contributions from other writers are described as "surveillance reports".

History books

Deighton's 1977 "Fighter: The True Story of the Battle of Britain" was said by Albert Speer (once Hitler's Minister of Armaments) to be "an excellent, most thorough examination. I read page after page with fascination". The piece was furnished with a comment by A. J. P. Taylor simply saying: "Brilliant analysis...".


    1962 – The IPCRESS File
    1963 – Horse Under Water
    1964 – Funeral in Berlin
    1965 – Où Est le Garlic
    1965 – Len Deighton's Action Cookbook
    1966 – Billion-Dollar Brain
    1967 – An Expensive Place to Die
    1967 – Len Deighton's London Dossier
    1968 – Only When I Larf
    1970 – Bomber
    1971 – Declarations of War
    1972 – Spy Story
    1972 – Close-Up
    1975 – Yesterday's Spy
    1976 – Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Spy (aka Catch a Falling Spy)
    1977 – Fighter: The True Story of the Battle of Britain
    1978 – SS-GB
    1978 – Airshipwreck (with Arnold Schwartzman)
    1979 – Blitzkrieg: From the Rise of Hitler to the Fall of Dunkirk
    1979 – Basic French Cooking
    1980 – Battle of Britain
    1981 – XPD
    1982 – Goodbye, Mickey Mouse
    1983 – Berlin Game
    1984 – Mexico Set
    1985 – London Match
    1987 – Winter
    1988 – Spy Hook
    1989 – Spy Line
    1989 – ABC of French Food
    1990 – Spy Sinker
    1990 – Basic French Cookery Course
    1991 – MAMista
    1992 – City of Gold
    1993 – Violent Ward
    1993 – Blood, Tears and Folly: An Objective Look at World War II
    1994 – Faith
    1995 – Hope
    1996 – Charity
    2006 – Sherlock Holmes and the Titanic Swindle (short story included in 'The Detection Club' anthology The Verdict of Us All, edited by Peter Lovesey)

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