Richard Adams

Biografie şi Bibliografie

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Richard George Adams (born 9 May 1920) is an English novelist who is best known as the author of Watership Down. He studied modern history at university before serving in the British Army during World War II. He completed his studies after the war and joined the English Civil Service. In 1974, two years after Watership Down was published, Adams became a full-time author. He is now semi-retired.

Early life

Adams was born on 9 May 1920 in Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom. He attended Horris Hill School from 1926–1933, and then Bradfield College from 1933–1938. In 1938, he went to Worcester College, Oxford to read Modern History. In July 1940, shortly after the declaration of war between the UK and Germany, Adams was called up to join the British Army. He served in the Middle East and India, but saw no action against either the Germans or the Japanese.

After being released from the army in 1946, Adams returned to Worcester College to continue his studies for a further two years. He took the degrees of Bachelor of Arts in 1948 and Master of Arts in 1953.[1] After his BA graduation in 1948, Adams joined the British Civil Service and held the rank of Assistant Secretary to the Ministry of Housing and Local Government, later part of the Department of the Environment. It was during this period that he began writing fiction in his spare time.

Author

Adams had originally begun telling the story of Watership Down to his two daughters, and they insisted that he publish it as a book. It took two years to write. In 1972, after seven other publishers had turned down the manuscript for Watership Down, Rex Collings agreed to publish the work. The book gained international acclaim almost immediately, and established Adams as one of the foremost contemporary English writers.

Over the next few years Watership Down sold over a million copies worldwide. It has become a modern classic, and in 1972 was awarded both the Carnegie Medal and the Guardian Award for Children's Fiction. To date, Adams' best-known work has sold over 50 million copies worldwide. In 1974, following publication of his second novel, Shardik, he left the Civil Service to become a full-time author. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 1975.

At one point, Adams served as Writer in Residence at the University of Florida[4] and at Hollins University in Virginia.

Adams was the recipient of the inaugural Whitchurch Arts Award for inspiration in January 2010, presented at the Watership Down pub in Freefolk, Hampshire.

Public figure

In 1982, Adams served one year as President of the RSPCA He also made a voyage through the Antarctic in the company of Ronald Lockley, the well-known ornithologist.
[edit] Personal life

Adams celebrated his 90th birthday in 2010 with a party at the White Hart in his hometown of Whitchurch, Hampshire where Sir George Young Bt., MP presented him with a painting made by a local artist. Adams wrote a poetic piece celebrating his home of the past 28 years. He came out of semi-retirement for his 90th birthday to pen a brand new story for a charity book Gentle Footprints to raise funds for The Born Free Foundation.

Adams currently lives with his wife, Elizabeth, in Whitchurch, Hampshire, within 10 miles (16 km) of his birthplace. Their daughters, to whom Adams originally related the tales that became Watership Down, are Juliet and Rosamond. He has six grandchildren: Lucy, Sarah, Miranda, Grace, Robert, and Maeve.

Books

    * Watership Down (1972) ISBN 978-0-7432-7770-9
    * Shardik (1974) ISBN 978-0-380-00516-1
    * Nature Through the Seasons (1975) ISBN 978-0-7226-5007-3
    * The Tyger Voyage (1976) ISBN 978-0-394-40796-8
    * The Plague Dogs (1977) ISBN 978-0-345-49402-3
    * The Ship's Cat (1977) ISBN 978-0-394-42334-0
    * The Adventures & Brave Deeds Of The Ship's Cat On The Spanish Maine: Together With The Most Lamentable Losse Of The Alcestis & Triumphant Firing Of The Port Of Chagres (1977) (also published as The Ship's Cat) ISBN 978-0-224-01441-0
    * Nature Day and Night (1978) ISBN 0-7226-5359-X (with Max Hooper)
    * The Girl in a Swing (1980) ISBN 978-0-7139-1407-8
    * The Iron Wolf and Other Stories (1980), published in the US as The Unbroken Web: Stories and Fables. color Illustrations by Yvonne Gilbert, b&w illustrations by Jennifer Campbell. ISBN 978-0-517-40375-4
    * The Phoenix Tree (1980, a collection by various authors, includes "The Story of El-ahrairah and the Black Rabbit of Inle" from Watership Down) ISBN 978-0-380-76380-1
    * The Legend of Te Tuna (1982) ISBN 978-0-283-99393-0
    * Voyage Through the Antarctic (1982; with Ronald Lockley), Allen Lane ISBN 0-7139-1396-7
    * Maia (1984) ISBN 978-0-517-62993-2
    * A Nature Diary (1985) ISBN 0-670-80105-4 / 978-0-670-80105-3
    * The Bureaucats (1985) ISBN 0-670-80120-8, ISBN 978-0-670-80120-6
    * Traveller (1988) ISBN 978-0-394-57055-6
    * The Day Gone By (autobiography) (1990) ISBN 978-0-679-40117-9
    * Tales from Watership Down (collection of linked stories) (1996) ISBN 978-0-380-72934-0
    * The Outlandish Knight (1999) ISBN 978-0-7278-7033-9
    * Daniel (2006) ISBN 1-903110-37-8
    * Gentle Footprints (Short story, 'Leopard Aware' in charity book for Born Free) (2010) ISBN 978-1-907335-04-4

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