Viktor Astafiev

Biografie şi Bibliografie

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Viktor Petrovich Astafiyev also spelled Astafiev or Astaf'ev (Russian: Виктор Петрович Астафьев) (1 May 1924 - 29 November 2001), was a Soviet and Russian writer of short stories and novels.

Viktor Astafiyev was born in a village of Ovsyanka near Krasnoyarsk on the bank of the Yenisei river and spent much of his childhood in an orphanage. He was conscripted into the Soviet Army in 1942. He was seriously wounded fighting the Germans during the German-Soviet War and after his discharge in 1945 he lived in different regions of Russia including Urals, Chusovoy near Perm and Vologda doing various jobs such as locksmith and smelter.

In 1953 Astafiyev published his first collection of stories dedicated mostly to the experience of Russian soldiers and civilians during the German-Soviet War.

After 1962 he became a professional writer authoring realistic often critical of the Soviet regime novels about the war and the Stalin era. His criticism of the Soviet times gained him popularity.

In the mid-1980s, he became embroiled in significant controversy over his writings followed by accusations of chauvinism and xenophobia when the public learned, through samizdat, about the correspondence between the literary historian Natan Eidelman and Astafiyev that had been provoked by alleged racist overtones in Astafiyev's work Sad Detective and his The Catching of Gudgeons in Georgia (both 1986), which rudely ridiculed Georgians.[1][2] At the 8th USSR Writers Union Congress in the summer of 1986, Georgian delegates urged the author to apologize publicly for his insult to the Georgian nation; when he refused, they walked out in protest.

In October, 1993, he signed the Letter of Forty-Two.

In 1999, his novel Jolly Soldier, which portrayed the horrors of the Soviet Army was met with extremely adverse reaction, which cost him a heart failure.

Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University is named in his honour.

Bibliography

    * The Snow is Melting ("Тают снега" - Tayut snega, 1958)
    * Theft ("Кража" - Krazha, 1966)
    * The Last Tribute ("Последний поклон" - Posledniy poklon, 1968)
    * Sheppard and His Wife ("Пастух и пастушка" - Pastukh i pastushka, 1971)
    * Czar Fish ("Царь-рыба" - Czar ryba, 1975)
    * Sad Detective ("Печальный детектив" - Pechalny detektiv, 1986)
    * The Catching of Gudgeons in Georgia ("Ловля пескарей в Грузии" - Lovlya peskarei v Gruzii, 1986)
    * The Cursed and the Slain ("Прокляты и убиты" - Proklyaty i ubity, 1994)
    * The Will to be Alive ("Так хочется жить" - Tak khochetsya zhit', 1995)
    * The Jolly Soldier ("Веселый солдат" - Veselyi soldat, 1999)

Cărti de Viktor Astafiev


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