Washington Irving

Biografie şi Bibliografie

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Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American author, essayist, biographer and historian of the early 19th century. He was best known for his short stories "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle", both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors, and the Alhambra. Irving also served as the U.S. minister to Spain from 1842 to 1846.

He made his literary debut in 1802 with a series of observational letters to the Morning Chronicle, written under the pseudonym Jonathan Oldstyle. After moving to England for the family business in 1815, he achieved international fame with the publication of The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. in 1819. He continued to publish regularly—and almost always successfully—throughout his life, and completed a five-volume biography of George Washington just eight months before his death, at age 76, in Tarrytown, New York.

Irving, along with James Fenimore Cooper, was the first American writer to earn acclaim in Europe, and Irving encouraged American authors such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and Edgar Allan Poe. Irving was also admired by some European writers, including Sir Walter Scott, Lord Byron, Thomas Campbell, Francis Jeffrey, and Charles Dickens. As America's first genuine internationally best-selling author, Irving advocated for writing as a legitimate profession, and argued for stronger laws to protect American writers from copyright infringement.

List of works

Letters of Jonathan Oldstyle     
Salmagundi     
A History of New York     
The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon
Bracebridge Hall     
Tales of a Traveller
The Chronicles of the Conquest of Granada     
Voyages and Discoveries
of the Companions of Columbus     
Tales of the Alhambra     
The Crayon Miscellany
Astoria     
The Adventures of Captain Bonneville     
The Life of Oliver Goldsmith     
(revised 1849)
Biography and Poetical Remains
of the Late Margaret Miller Davidson     
Mahomet and His Successors     
Wolfert's Roost
Diedrich Knickerbocker
Washington Irving     
The Life of George Washington (5 volumes)    

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