Youssef Ziedan

Biografie şi Bibliografie

Youssef Ziedan (Arabic: يوسف زيدان) (born June 30, 1958) is an Egyptian scholar who specializes in Arabic and Islamic studies. He works as director of the Manuscript Center and Museum affiliated to the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. He is a university professor, a public lecturer, a columnist and a prolific author of more than 50 books.

The study of Arabic and Islamic manuscripts has been his primary interest, and cataloguing, editing and publishing these manuscripts constitute the bulk of his work. He has worked as a consultant in the field of Arabic heritage preservation and conservation in a number of international institutions, including UNESCO, ESCWA and the Arab League, and has directed a number of projects aimed at the delimitation and preservation of Arabic manuscript heritage.


Ziedan was born in Sohag in 1958. He moved with his grandfather to Alexandria when he was still a child and was raised and taught in this Mediterranean metropolis. He joined the philosophy department at the University of Alexandria and graduated summa cum laude. His postgraduate studies focused on Sufism and its philosophical underpinnings. He obtained his PhD degree in 1989 for his dissertation on The Qadiri Sufi Order, with a study and edition of the poetical works of Abdul Qadir al-Jilani or Abdul-Qadir Gilani. He lives in Alexandria, and has a son and two daughters.


Ziedan’s work on Sufism underscores not just the mystic introspective lineaments of Islamic Sufism, but more importantly its philosophical underpinnings. He has placed consistent emphasis on the study of Ibn Arabi and Abdul Karim al-Jili, regarded as two of the most important figures of philosophical Sufism in the history of Islam. His work on Abdul Karim al-Jili is seen by many[citation needed] as the most authoritative work in the field.

Islamic philosophy

The most distinctive feature in Ziedan’s study of Islamic philosophy is his attempt to uncover the origins of a strand of Islamic philosophical thought that, in his view, had not been influenced by Hellenistic philosophy. He thinks that the parable of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan, for instance, with its many versions and interpretations by such important figures as Avicenna, Ibn Tufayl, al-Suhrawardi and Ibn al-Nafis, is a source of Islamic philosophical thought for understanding Islamic philosophy on its own terms. This view forms the basis of his re-editing of the complete philosophical parable of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan in his Hayy Ibn Yaqzan: the Four Texts and their Authors.

History of Islamic medicine

Another dimension to Ziedan’s work is his study of the history of Islamic medicine, which draws him into the scientific realms of medicine, mathematics, astronomy, chemistry and related topics. The emphasis here is on the immense scientific heritage left by the Arabs throughout history. His contribution, however, is particularly visible in medicine. He is, as evidenced in his studies, very much preoccupied with the Arabic translations, commentaries and annotations on Hippocrates and Galen. On the other hand, his studies on Ibn al-Nafis and his critical edition of his grand medical encyclopedia (30 volumes) al-Shamil fil Sina’a al-Tibbiyya catapulted him as an Ibn al-Nafis scholar.
Arabic manuscript preservation

Ziedan sees cataloguing as an ars maior, that has not received the attention it deserves. According to him,[citation needed] cataloguing is the key to have a panoramic view of a particular manuscript heritage. With this in mind, Ziedan produced some 20 manuscript catalogues using detailed descriptive cataloguing techniques rather than skimpy uninformative bibliographic records. His catalogues are mostly thematic, i.e. they are not general catalogues, they handle each theme of knowledge separately.


Ziedan has also written fiction. His novel Zil al-Af’a ("Shadow of the Serpent") treats the notion of the sacred female through a contemporary setting with humdrum personae in the first part; in the second part, letter fragments from a female anthropologist to her daughter, the heroine of the first part, explain how the role of the female has been misshapen, abused and diabolically transformed throughout history. The novel has been criticized[citation needed] for its abnormal structure and superfluous intellectualism.

Ziedan's second novel is the historico-theological work Azazel, which won the 2009 International Prize for Arabic Fiction (the so-called "Arabic Booker"). According to the book, it is written as a translation of scrolls that had been discovered in the ruins of a monastery northwest of Aleppo, in Syria. An Egyptian monk called “Hypa” wrote the original manuscript as an autobiography in the Aramaic language in first half of the fifth century AD. This was a time of great internal turmoil in Eastern Christianity.

Web-based work

With such an immense and multifarious output Ziedan thought[citation needed] of making all his works available to everybody through the World Wide Web, a project that, later, was transformed into a portal for Arabic and Islamic manuscripts in digital form. It now arguably contains one of the largest original manuscript collections in digital form on the Web. The website, which is free and requires no registration, can be accessed at



    Anonymous Sufi Poets
    Al-Mutawaliyat: studies in Sufism
    Sufi Orders and al-Qadiriyya in Egypt
    A Prologue to Sufism by al-Sulami: a study and a critical edition
    The Poetical Works of Abdul Qadir al-Jilani

Islamic Philosophy

    Hayy Ibn Yaqzan: the four texts and their authors
    Al-Lahut al-'Arabi: and the roots of religious violence

History of Arabic Medicine

    A Commentary on the Hippocratic Aphorisms
    Treatises on Body Parts by Ibn al-Nafis
    Rediscovering ‘Alaa al-Din (Ibn al-Nafis) al-Qarashi
    Treatise on Gout by Rhazes
    Al-Shamil fil al-Sina’a al-Tibbiyya in 30 volumes

Manuscript Cataloguing

    Rare manuscripts in the Alexandria Municipality Collection
    Catalogue of the Alexandria University Manuscript Collection
    Catalogue of the Escorial Monastery Manuscript Collection
    Catalogue of the Religious Institute of Sumuha

Literary Criticism and Fiction

    Iltiqa’ al-Bahrin: essays in literary criticism
    The Shadow of the Serpent: a novel ظِلُّ الأفْعَى
    Azazel عَزَازِيل. Winner of the Arabic Booker Prize, translated into English by Jonathan Wright.
    The Nabatean. ُّالنَّبَطِي

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